Compound exercises are some of the best ways to build muscle fast, since these efficient movements require the use of multiple muscle groups at once. The best compound exercises help you boost your strength while also getting your heart rate up—all in a single, super fun sweat session. These five moves from Nike master trainer Betina Gozo hit all those notes. Try them out today and you’ll start seeing improvements in your running performance in no time.
What are compound exercises?
Compound exercises are movements that work multiple muscle groups simultaneously. For example, a plank is a compound exercise because it engages your abs, quads, and glutes, among other muscles. Calf raises, on the other hand, are not compound movements because they isolate one main muscle group: your calves.
What are the benefits of compound exercises?
Compound movements fire up several muscle groups simultaneously, which encourages muscle growth, thus improving your power and speed on the road, track, and trails. In addition, compound exercises can:
- Improve your coordination and balance
- Challenge your brain
- Save you time in the gym
That means every one of these movements will not only help you strengthen your whole body but also improve your overall wellness.
Run through the whole routine below three times. All you need is a pair of dumbbells and a mat.
Squat to Overhead Press
Targets: Glutes, quads, shoulders, arms
How to do it: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Hold one light dumbbell in each hand, palms facing in, elbows bent and facing down so that the weights are shoulder-height. Sit into a squat position by driving your knees out. As you return to standing, lift the dumbbells directly overhead. Repeat 15 times.
Targets: Improve your coordination and balance
How to do it: Come down to your knees, setting them wide apart. Hinge forward to a plank position, keeping your knees on the mat. Place a dumbbell on the mat right above one leg. With the hand that’s furthest away from the dumbbell, slide the dumbbell across the mat to rest above the other leg. Replace your hand on the mat. Repeat with the other hand, keeping the hips level while you pull. Perform 10 reps each side.
Big Takeaways You Can Learn from a Gait Analysis
Targets: Biceps, abs, glutes, quads, adductors (inner thighs)
How to do it: Start with a light dumbbell placed at shoulder-height in each hand, palms facing in and feet planted wide apart. Shift your body weight to lean on to your right glute, bending the right knee and pushing your hips back as you squat down. Make sure your bending knee is pointed forward, and your left leg stays straight. As you squat, bring your arms down to frame your bending leg in between both dumbbells. Push off your right foot to come back up to starting position, curling your arms up so that dumbbells are at shoulder-height once again. Repeat on the other side. Perform 10 reps each side.
Low to High Dumbbell Chop
Targets: Glutes, arms, shoulders, obliques, rectus abdominis (upper abs)
How to do it: Standing with your feet set wide apart, hold one dumbbell with one hand on each end at chest-height, elbows pointed down to the ground. Rotate to your right and bend down slightly to bring the dumbbell to your right knee. Push off your right foot to come back up to starting position, bringing the dumbbell back up to your chest. Then rotate to your left, pivoting on your right foot. As you pivot, bring the dumbbell up, stretching both arms up at a slight angle so it’s not directly over your head. Repeat 10 times and then do the same on the other side.
Dumbbell Single Leg Lift
Targets: Abs, quads, hip flexors, back
How to do it: Lying back on your mat, bring one dumbbell above your chest, arms stretched straight out. Raise your legs up until they are perpendicular to the ground. Using your abs, press your lower back into the mat. This is your starting position. Slowly lower one leg down as far as you can without lifting your back off the floor. Raise your leg back up and do the same with the other leg. Repeat 10 reps on each leg.